Technology - Electrics
A 100Hz television scans the picture across the screen twice as fast as a conventional 50Hz set, producing a
clearer, flicker free picture. This reduces eye strain, which can be caused by watching a conventional 50Hz set for
extended periods .
100Hz DFS Active Mode
Enhanced picture scan system which minimises large area flicker and reduces line jitter during action scenes
100Hz Dynamic Frame Scan
An enhanced picture scan system which minimises large area flicker and additionally reduces line jitter. This
makes the whole picture more stable with smoother motion and generally greater clarity
Provides a picture close to that of which you would see in the cinema. The Widescreen shape (16:9) allows a
greater picture size to that of traditional (4:3) television when displaying modern films or DVD`s.
2 Way Speakers
2 individual speaker drivers, one for bass and one for treble. This improves overall sound quality.
24 bit/96Khz audio sampling
Digital stereo format used by DVD players to reproduce stereo sound.
3 Way Speakers
3 individual speaker drivers, one for bass, one for mid-range and one for treble. This provides a superior sound
3D DNR (Digital Noise Reduction)
Ensures superior picture quality by "cleaning" images and reducing picture "noise". Particularly useful for
older movies where the source master has picture noise
Is an alternative to Pro-Logic surround sound, where the surround sound is simulated without rear speakers. It's
not as effective as Pro-logic with external rear speakers but is ideal for those who wish to dispense with extra
speakers and wires.
A variable phase delay creates an enhanced three dimensional audio image which adds depth and richness to a
Refers to the number of playback heads on a VCR. A 4 head system provides increased picture quality to that of
standard 2 head models, particularly during long play, slow motion, pause and frame advance modes
4 Heads (video recorders)
A four head video gives perfect freeze frame and long play playback.
Traditional television picture format found predominately on smaller compact televisions. Larger Televisions are
now adopting the Widescreen picture format (16:9).
6.1 Channel Input
Applies to amplifiers, receivers, Hifi`s and Surround Sound processors. Allows the connection of a Dolby
Digital/DTS source such as a suitably equipped DVD player which handles the processing of the Dolby Digital / DTS
Format for analogue camcorders which use an 8mm cassette. A higher quality version available is the Hi-8.
Converts an analogue signal into a digital signal.
AAC (Advanced Audio Coding)
AAC (Advanced Audio Coding) is at the core of the MPEG-4 specifications and is the new audio codec of choice for
Internet, wireless, and digital broadcast arenas. AAC provides I higher standard of audio quality than the older
Advanced Auto Set-up
Automatically tunes in all the channels in the correct order for both the TV and the VCR on combi sets
Advanced One-touch Record
A button on the video recorder that tells it to start recording immediately and sets the recording time in
Anti-Glare Anti-Reflection Anti-Static. A coating which actively suppresses reflected light
Advanced Monitor Deflection Control. Circuit that allows fast, stable switching between the various resolutions
and timing modes of a monitor without disturbing transient distortion effects.
Information (image, voice, text) transmission using continuous waveforms, for instance in current (non-digital)
ANSI (American National Standards Institute) Lumens - Standard for measuring light output or brightness
Adjustable opening in the lens of a camcorder used to regulate how much light reaches the CCD image sensor.
APS is a recent development and offers more variety in the type of shots you can take. APS cameras are usually
smaller than their 35mm counterparts and are much easier to load film into.
Screen shapes are defined by the relationship between width and height of a TV screen. A conventional TV set is
4:3 (four units wide by three units high), a Widescreen set is 16:9 (16 units wide by nine units high)
For adding soundtracks such as narration or music to previously recorded material on stereo video tape. Useful
when editing camcorder material
Auto Clock Checking
Automatically sets the date and time on video recorders and checks it daily at 8am. Also automatically corrects
for British Summer Time or after a power cut
Ironing becomes that much easier with Auto Creasecare. It prevents excess creasing on any wash programme by
gradually reducing the water temperature towards the end of the cycle
Adjusts the focus of the image automatically to bring the centre of interest into sharp focus
Auto Half Load
Auto Half Load automatically adjusts the water levels for any size of load to help save you time and money when
washing smaller loads
Auto Head Cleaner
Cleans the head cylinder automatically every time a tape is loaded or unloaded or when 'stop' is pressed
Auto Picture Size Adjustment
Automatically adjusts the format of the viewed picture, whether originally a Widescreen or conventional image,
to suit the TV screen
Auto Power Off
Automatically switches the power off after a set length of time without use
Automatically tunes in all channels in the correct order on TVs and video recorders (BBC1 on Channel 1 etc) and
on a VCR suggests solutions to common problems, such as 'Check aerial connected'
Automatically tunes in the channels that the aerial can receive. Advanced auto tuning system will sort the
channels into an order (i.e. BBC1, BBC2 etc.). When applied to Hifi`s an Auto Tuning system does the same for radio
Auto-Seeking RF Output
Automatically finds a free channel for the RF signal that has no interference, ensuring the best available
reception (i.e. Channel 5 interference)
Camera senses when additional light is required and fires the built-in flash automatically
Applies to Camcorders and cameras. Simply means that the lens is focussed automatically on the subject. More
advanced select several different areas of the picture to set the focus.
Ideal for connecting either a games console or camcorder, directly to your TV set
Automatic Volume Leveller. Minimises sudden changes in TV volume when commercials are transmitted
A DVD player will also play audio CD.
Adds extra depth to music for a fuller sound
An audio system, which compensates for the loss of fidelity or subtle distortions caused by the characteristics
of the loudspeaker. The system compensates for phase and amplitude distortions and reproduces the original (live)
performance more faithfully.
The smallest segment of a digital code
Speed at which data is read and processed from the source disc
Black Stripe Screen
Improves contrast on rear projection sets by reducing reflection by 50%
Bluetooth technology is used to connect two electronic devices, without the need for cables. This can be
achieved up to 10 metres apart without the need for those devices to be in line of sight, as they would have to be
Time taken (in seconds) for the camera to be ready for use once switched on
Level of luminance, or quantity of light emitted from the image area, measured in ANSI lumens
Allows a rapid succession of shots by holding down the shutter release, ideal for shooting subjects in motion.
Images are usually at lower resolution than a single shot
A small light-sensitive chip, made up of millions of sensors, which converts an image into digital form rather
than focusing the image on to film .The sensors are known as pixels and the more pixels on the sensor, the better
the final image.
A CD or DVD Player that can play back audio compact discs recorded on a CDR or CDRW recorder.
(NEFF Products) Ducted forced air system achieves lower cooking temperatures 50-190 C
Range of ambient temperatures in which the appliances are intended to be used, and for which the required
storage temperatures shall be fulfilled. SN 10 - 32ºC N 16 - 32ºC ST 18 - 38ºC
Co-axial Audio Terminal
Enables digital audio connection between a DVD player and decoder or digital play-back equipment such as
Toshiba's Dolby Digital TVs
Colour Detail Enhancer
Corrects any colour detail lost in the transmission path
Allows connection of additional equipment for upgrades and servicing
One of the several card storage systems that uses a plug-in cartridge in order to save pictures from the
camera's memory to a portable storage device.
The purest form of video signal as used in professional display devices.
Component Video Input
Typically found on professional broadcasting equipment, now available on TVs and DVD players. This type of
connection has the same quality as RGB but additionally allows the brightness and contrast of the picture to be
adjusted to suit room conditions
Standard video signal used to send pictures down a cable e.g. from a TV to a VCR or camcorder to a TV.
Most projectors automatically accept images that are of greater resolution than the native (true) resolution of
the projector. Images are scaled to fit the native resolution of the projector, which may result in some loss of
Conditional Access Interface
Allows TV to be upgraded to receive Pay TV terrestrial channels (smart card required)
Copy Protection System
Protects software or movies subject to copyright from illegal duplication
Oven liners effectively clean themselves during the cooking process, virtually eliminating oven cleaning.
Acronym for a Cathode Ray Tube, the heart of a TV, consisting of a phosphor panel and electron gun
Cylinder cleaners consist of a compact unit on wheels with a suction hose attached.
Converts the digital signal into analogue signal
DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting)
DAB Radio receives broadcasts transmitted in a digital signal. Digital broadcasts improve your listening
experience, by removing background noise which occur on traditional analogue radio broadcasts. Many national and
local radio stations now transmit their programmes using this method.
Treatment of the front panel of the CRT to absorb ambient light, enhance black reproduction and provide
Dynamic Bass Boost. A system for bass enhancement in portable audio players
Digital Enhanced Cordless Telephone. Cordless telephone that provides near crystal clear audio quality
Digital high-resolution camcorder format found predominantly on Sony camcorders. It is backwards compatible with
8mm and Hi8 formats.
Digital Auto Tracking
Automatically checks the tracking when a video tape starts playing and adjusts if necessary
Data transmission using continuous stream of binary codes (0s and 1s). More compact than the older analogue
system so far more information (e.g. TV channels) may be transmitted within the same bandwidth
Digital Comb Filter
Clear separation of the combined colour and black and white signals, preventing smudging, vibrating edges and
ensuring precise details
A range of screen effects built in to the camcorder that allow various mixes, wipes, image stabilizing and
digital zooms. (see Camcorder specification for precise effects available).
Digital Light Processing (DLP)
A new technology for presenting video and computer pictures using a Digital Micromirror Device (DMD)
Digital Picture Processing
Digital processes which improve TV picture quality, brightness and colour
Technology which enables all Toshiba TVs to receive digital terrestrial or satellite broadcasts when connected
to an appropriate digital decoder box
Digital Surround Processing (DSP)
TV sound system which artificially creates surround sound effects on normal stereo or mono programmes or
Digital Theatre System
Alternative system of encoding six channel digital surround sound, used in some cinemas and on some DVD
As opposed to optical zoom, digital zoom electronically magnifies the image. This allows for greater
magnification than optical zoom - unfortunately this can lead to degradation of the picture quality depending on
the zoom used.
Dims or turns off the front panel display
DNR (Digital Noise Reduction)
A feature built into many TVs and other visual equipment designed to reduce picture grain.
Dolby 3 Stereo
Uses front left, centre and right speakers of a home cinema TV to create an enhanced sound stage without using
Is a six channel home cinema system. It consists of a front channel for on-screen dialogue, Left & right
front stereo channels, Left & right rear surround effect channels and a subwoofer channel for dedicated Bass
Dolby HX Pro
Dolby HX Pro makes it possible to record loud musical passages with fewer high-frequency losses and less
Dolby Pro Logic
Home Cinema surround sound format that consists of a front or centre channel for on-screen dialogue, front left
and right channels and a rear surround channel to carry the rear surround effects.
Dolby Pro Logic II
An enhanced version of Dolby Pro Logic, uses sophisticated processing to produce a sound more like Dolby
Digital Theatre System. An alternative to Dolby Digital, DTS encodes six-channel digital surround sound and is
used in some cinemas and on some DVD's.
Dual Grill (Microwaves)
Microwave ovens – powerful grilling both from the top and bottom of the microwave.
Enables the camcorder to download still images to a home computer. Moving images can be downloaded with the
appropriate software and hardware.
Digital Versatile Disc. A digital format that provides superior picture and sound quality to that of Video
New audio format, which provides high-quality sound reproduction, outdoing conventional CD in terms of both
range and 'emotional' depth .
DVI (Digital Video Interface)
A video connection that provides digital images between components.
Dynamic Quadra Focus
Technology on projection TVs which ensures clarity to the very edges of the screen
The distance between the quietest and loudest audible sounds.
Dynamic Upgrade System
Easy upgrade of the operating system (firmware) with a special system disc which is simply 'played' in the
Electronic Anti-Shock System is designed to prevent skipping, by expanding the memory capacity.
Turns off clock display when video recorder is on standby mode to reduce power consumption
Electronic Programme Guide (EPG)
Simple but comprehensive on-screen menu offering previews of what is on now and next, reminders, and the ability
to control certain VCRs
The energy rating offers consumers a standardised method of choosing the most efficient appliances which also
give good performance. The scale is from A - G. (A) represents a very high efficiency and (G) represents a less
Enhanced Audio Mode (EAM)
Allows different audio channels on DVD to be enhanced separately, i.e. dialogue or surround sound
Enhanced Intelligent Care
(Hotpoint Washers) As well as making constant checks on the machine's performance it prevents you from selecting
too high a temperature or too high a spin for the programme you have selected.
Enhanced Video Amplifier
Ensures superior picture quality by making whites even whiter
Electronic Programme Guide- On-screen programme guide offering programme listing and information source. Also
provides guide to interactive services
Horizontally and vertically flat tube technology which offers a wider viewing angle and reduced reflection
An enhanced version of Teletext, which enables quick access to key TV text pages using the red, green, yellow
and blue buttons on the remote control
Operating system and software used on a portable device, such as an MP3 player. Some MP3 players provide
firmware which is upgradeable.
Flatscreen improves picure definition and minimises screen reflection. Also, flatscreens reduce picture
distortion when viewed from an angle, unlike the more traditional curved screen television.
Distance from the surface of a lens to its focal point
Free digital service providing up to 30 free digital TV and radio channels plus interactive services, via
Speakers & Headphones : - The wider the range of the frequency response the better the range of sound from
low bass (20Hz) upwards to High treble (20KHz). The human ear can generally perceive between the range of
Non frost-free refrigeration usually requires manually defrosting after a certain amount of time. A Frost-Free
product does not involve this often inconvenient task.
Favourite Track Selection. Allows you to programme a series of random tracks from a number of CDs into the
permanent memory of a CD or CD-i player
Continually monitors conditions inside the washing machine, and adjusts itself to ensure the best wash results.
A typical fuzzy logic machine will control the main wash, the water intake, water temperature, wash time, rinse
performance and spin speed.
A graphics format, with built-in compression, for displaying pictures on a computer screen
An electronic device for adjusting the frequency response of an audio system, selectively altering the level of
sound allowed in discreet frequency bands from bass to treble. Often accompanied by a dynamic LED display.
(High Definition Compatible Digital) Improves CD audio of compatible CDs by introducing increased dynamic range
giving a more accurate rendition of the original soundtrack
HDTV (High Definition Television)
High Definition Television displays a picture with a much higher resolution than a standard television set,
dramatically improving the picture quality. This is achieved by an increased number of lines, of which the
displayed picture is made up of . HDTV also gives greater sound clarity than standard televison.The formats used in
720p - 1280x720 pixels progressive
1080i - 1920x1080 pixels interlaced
1080p - 1920x1080 pixels progressive
"Interlaced" or "progressive" refers to the scanning system. In the larger HDTV sets, interlaced can produce
some flickering. Progressive scan will provide a much clearer picture on the larger TV sets.
Please note, an HDTV transmission is required for the television set to show programmes with the improved
picture and sound quality.
Technology that ensures excellent contrast and uniform brightness on rear projection TV screens
Higher resolution version of the 8mm camcorder format which provides a high-quality image with up to 400 lines
of horizontal picture resolution.
Hyper Anti-Alias Filter
Ensures crystal clear picture quality by generating 540 horizontal line resolution at 54MHz
Icon On-screen Display (OSD)
On-screen menus illustrated by icons, to enable simple operation of equipment and guide you through various
setting and programming functions
Television has a built-in ITV Digital decoder allowing the Television set to receive terrestrial digital
channels without a set-top box. Picture and sound quality tends to be superior to that of Analogue due to a more
Also known as firewire or i-link. This is a high speed data link for computers to communicate with devices such
as Digital Video Cameras. It supports data transfer rates of up to 400 Mbps.
Image Expert Software
Software package supplied with the camera to allow capture and editing of images on PC or Mac
Allows instant switch between aspect ratios, to suit image source format, e.g. Widescreen or 4:3
Dependent on how far the projector is from a screen. Size can be measured diagonally or horizontally across the
A device for steadying the picture and reducing camera shake when using a camcorder. There are two types ;
electronic and optical image stabilisations - optical tends to be the better system, but being mechanically based,
is more expensive.
Makes it easy to find the beginning of any item recorded on a video tape
(Hotpoint products) Multi coloured Infobubble display offers visual program progress and fault diagnosis, so
it's easy to see what's happening at any stage of the wash.
Intelligent Digital Servo
Intelligent Digital servo system reduces errors caused by dust etc. This system uses a microcomputer to monitor
the signal, adjusting pickup tracking and focus, as well as spindle motor speed, to compensate for any
Intelligent Long Play
Automatically switches to long play if there isn't enough tape left to complete the recording in standard play
Displays purer whites on the TV screen
Integrated Services Digital Network, a way of shifting digital information over existing telephone networks.
Allows you to capture a varied style of digital images, from fast action to low light.
Jog and Shuttle
Used on VCR`s and occasionally DVD`s. The jog dial gives frame-by-frame advance while the shuttle allows
variable speed picture search in both Fast Forward and Rewind modes.
A format used when storing digital images. Allows large files to be stored, whilst saving memory space.
Adjusts the length of the top and bottom of the image, to counter distortion caused when the projected image is
not perpendicular to the screen
System for editing from camcorders. Uses a 2.5mm jack plug connection between camcorder and VCR
LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)
Panel for presenting digital images
LFE (Low Frequency Effects)
Used in Dolby Digital and Dolby DTS 5.1. soundtracks. LFE is specifically designed to process low frequency
sounds through a dedicated bass channel.
A system that allows a video recorder to extend the length of the recording/ playing time beyond that of
standard playing time of the tape cassette. It can effectively Double the recording length of blank tapes with
minor loss of picture quality
Luminous buttons on a remote control for easy operation in a darkened room
Allows camera to focus on subject very close to the camera's lens, usually within 30cm
This is often provided on cameras and camcorders to allow the user to override the camera's auto focus
Lens can be adjusted by hand to alter the size of the image on screen without having to move the projector
Mini Disc Long Play - similar to long play on video recorders this allows double the recording/playback time for
Compatible minidisc players
Divides the screen into two with text in one half and the current programme in the other
Mega Resolution Parallel DAC
Achieves an unprecedented dynamic range above 120dB
Megapixels are used to measure camera resolution. More megapixels will mean better picture quality. Each
megapixel qoted is equal to one million pixels.
Near instant access to up to 500 pages of text stored in the TV's memory
Sony's storage systems that uses a plug-in cartridge in order to save data to a portable storage device.
Process which dramatically increases contrast, brightness and colour reproduction
Modulator/demodulator. Electronic device for sending digital information over audio or telecommunications
networks, such as connection to the internet
Shorthand for MPEG Audio Layer 3, a set of standards for storing and compressing digital audio files.
Essentially MP3 takes a CD file, and compresses the sound to a much smaller file by removing the bits that the
human ear cannot actually detect.
MPEG was defined by the Moving Picture Experts Group, who designed the Emmy award winning standards known as
MPEG-1 and MPEG-2. MPEG-4 is the next-generation, global multimedia standard, delivering professional-quality audio
and video streams over a wide range of bandwidths, from cell phone to broadband and beyond.
MPEG2 5.1 Surround
Alternative digital audio system to Dolby Digital available on some DVD discs, delivering six independent
channels of sound: stereo front left and right, centre dialogue and stereo rear channels, plus dedicated sub
Multi-brand Remote Control
Operates most makes of TV in addition to the VCR
Able to display images from all world broadcast standards (PAL, SECAM, NTSC)
Multi-standard video playback
Able to display images from PAL, SECAM, NTSC video players
Multiple Camera Angles
Scenes shot from up to nine different camera angles at the director's discretion may be stored and viewed on DVD
Multiple Language Tracks
Up to eight different language soundtracks may be recorded on a single disc and up to 32 different language
subtitles (software dependent). Nearly all DVD's carry English subtitles
Neo Multi-bit Delta Sigma D/A Converter
Achieves a combined total harmonic distortion and noise of less than 0.0008%, and a dynamic range of above 117dB
with 24-bit audio sources
NextView is an extremely comprehensive Electronic Programme Guide (EPG) which gives viewers a complete overview
of available TV programmes in a simple, easy-to-follow way.
Sets the channels on the VCR in the same order as the TV, allowing you to record what you are watching without
having to change channels on the VCR
NICAM is the acronym for Near Instantaneous Companded Audio Multiplex. It refers to a Sound broadcasting system
capable of delivering CD-quality digital stereo sound or mono sound, and of carrying a Dolby Surround
No Signal Power Off
Turns the TV to standby after a station stops broadcasting
American and Japanese Television picture format. Any TV with this capability can receive NTSC signals from VCR
or DVD. Video Recorders with this function allow playback of NTSC video tapes.
NTSC Playback on PAL TV
Technology built into a Toshiba video recorder that enables NTSC tapes to be viewed on most PAL TVs
NTSC Video Playback
Technology built into a TV which enables NTSC tapes to be viewed when played back on an NTSC video recorder
Enables the TV to switch to standby mode at a pre-determined time
Manual programming feature used when setting the timer if you don't have VideoPlus codes to hand
Starts recording immediately at the touch of a button
Optical Audio Terminal
Enables digital audio signals to be sent from digital sources such as DVD and laser disc players to digital
play-back equipment such as Dolby Digital TVs, via a fibre-optic connection
Optical Digital Out
This allows a very high connection to another digital device such as a CD/Minidisc recorder or Digital-capable
Enlarges an image by moving two lenses. Creating a closer image without loss of quality, which occurs when
electronically magnifying the image (Digital Zoom). Most cameras/ camcorders have an Optical Zoom, which can be
further enlarged by a Digital Zoom.
On Screen Display - graphic displays which appear on the TV screen to guide through the various settings and
TV broadcast system used in the UK and some other countries
TV broadcast system used in the UK and some other countries
Locks the controls on the TV to prevent changes to settings
Allows parents to "lock" out certain content so that children cannot see unsuitable channels - commonly using a
PIN number system for access to locked channels.
PCM (Pulse Code Modulation)
This is the uncompressed music format used by a CD player. This format provides a far greater sound quality than
any compressed music file, such as MP3
PDA (Personal Digital Assistant)
Used to describe any small personal electronic organiser, such as a palmtop.
PDC (Programme Delivery Control) is a method of controlling video cassette recorders so that rescheduled or
delayed programmes are recorded in their entirety. PDC, also known as StarText and VPS, is a European TV
Peak Power Output
The maximum power output of a Hifi system/amplifier can achieve, lasting only for a short period of time (i.e. a
peak) - see also RMS and Watts per channel.
Picture and Text
Allows you to view your TV programme on one half of the screen, while on the other half, you can display
Picture in Picture
A facility on some TV sets to view other stations, in a smaller box in the corner of the screen, whilst still
being able to watch your originally chosen channel in full size.
Picture Size Adjustment
Adjusts the format of the picture to suit the TV Screen
Personal Identification Number - A code or password that allows the user to lock or restrict access to certain
programmes or applications
Designed by Philips, the Pixel Plus processor increases the number of lines, and the number of pixels in the TV
picture. This results in clearer and sharper pictures, every time.
Pixel Plus II
The latest version of Philips Pixel Plus system. This further enhances a TV's picture quality, improving both
still and moving images. This also boasts improved colour reproduction, resulting in the finest colour details and
superior picture balance.
Individual dots used to create an image. The greater the number of pixels in an image, the higher the resolution
and better the quality
Technology that uses electrical impulses that react with gases contained to produce pixels. Plasma televisions
are increasing in demand due to their light weight and positioning flexibility as opposed to traditional CRT
Plug and Play
Refers to items which are easy to install, and have no complicated set up requirements.
Provides increased agitation mid wash, driving the water and powder through the load for brilliant results. This
is a trademark for Hotpoint products
A line level (standard) output that can be fed into a separate amplifier.
The processor or CPU is the heart of a computing device. It performs all the calculations and operations on
data. Processors are commonly rated in MHz or GHz, a measurement which refers to their speed - the higher the
MHz/GHz the faster the speed.
Programme Delivery Control (PDC)
Responds to a broadcast signal which ensures that recording begins only when the programme actually starts and
stops when the programme ends. Not available on satellite or digital broadcasts
Scans individual picture lines in sequence rather than alternately, maximising the clarity of digital images
from DVD and enhancing NTSC software playback
Distance from the projector to the screen
R600a is a HFC and CFC free refrigerant, providing the most environmentally friendly refrigerant available. It
is extremely energy efficient.
Random Access Memory - this is the working memory used by a computer to process data.
Applies to CD Players. The disc can be set to play tracks in a random order or to repeat either one track or all
Radio Data System. Enables digital display of Radio network information on FM stations including radio station
titles. Also allows user to program unit to interrupt with news and traffic bulletins.
Minimum time taken (in seconds) for the camera to process and store a captured image, then re-set for the next
TV technology for super screen TVs in which the red, green and blue of TV images are projected onto a mirror
which reflects the picture onto the rear of the viewing screen
Dedicated speakers set behind the viewer to carry the surround sound channel (s) from a Dolby Pro-Logic or Dolby
The camera shoots a small burst of light prior to the main flash which helps to contract the pupils and reduce
the appearance of red pupils when using a flash
Playback management system making discs specific to a particular region. The UK is within region code 2, so only
region 2 or region free discs will play on UK DVD players. If you wish to play DVD's produced for other locations
such as USA or Japan, You will need a 'Multiregion' DVD player, or a DVD player which is designed to play DVD's for
that specific region.
Display quality defined by the number of individual dots (pixels) used to create an image. The higher the number
of pixels, the higher the image quality
Aerial-type connection between a video recorder and TV
RGB / S-video Connection
Ensure the highest quality video playback
This is the length of time it takes for the food temperature in the freezer to rise from -18°C to -9°C in the
event of a powercut, with the door remaining closed.
Root Mean Square - commonly used when measuring the power output of a Hifi system, the RMS figure is quoted by
most manufacturers to give a more realistic indication of the system's power output than the peak power output.
Super VHS is a higher quality video cassette format giving better picture resolution than a standard VHS
Super VHSC is a higher quality video camcorder cassette format giving better picture resolution than a standard
This is a high quality connection standard for products which utilise S-VHS, S-VHSC, Hi8 or other higher quality
picture formats. It gives better results than standard composite video connection.
Connection method for high quality video transfer (S-video) used with S-VHS video recorders, camcorders, DVD
Super Audio Compact Disc - a higher quality CD format giving improved sound quality.
Indicates the speed a digital recorder or player samples a signal.
A SCART cable carries the video, audio and system control signals, to and from the VCR, TV , Games Console or
21-pin cable connector which enables high-quality pictures and stereo sound (including Dolby Pro-Logic
soundtracks) to be sent between different AV equipment
Scan Velocity Modulation. Electronic function that gives a dramatic improvement in picture quality
TV broadcast system used in France and some other countries. Only multi-standard TV's can receive these signals
in the UK - normal TV sets for this country can only receive the PAL standard used here.
Three pre-set and one user-adjustable setting for picture colour, brightness and contrast, selected at the press
of a button
Sets a 10 second delay between the pressing of the button and the opening of the shutter so that the
photographer can be part of the picture
Function that allows the unit to turn itself off after a set period of time.
Personal viewing card supplied and activated by the digital broadcaster that when inserted in to a decoder box
or integrated TV allows access to digital programming
Removable card storage medium available with up to 120Mb storage space to boost camera's memory, i.e. the number
of pictures it can store before being downloaded
Visual display of sound output in various frequency bands.
Precious metal used for very strong magnets in loudspeakers. Allows a compact design and high-quality sound
Used for the reproduction of low sound frequencies, typically from 20Hz to 200Hz. Whether in the car or at home,
the subwoofer is critical for filling out the "low end" of the audible spectrum, as well as ground pounding
Super Anti-Alias Filter
Ensures crystal clear, sharp images, by generating 540 horizontal line resolution at 27MHz
Super Scene Control
A process which improves TV picture contrast
Specific display resolution using 800 horizontal pixels and 600 vertical pixels, presenting an image composed
from a total of 480,000 individual dots
Specific display resolution using 1280 horizontal pixels and 1024 vertical pixels, presenting an image composed
from a total of 1,310,720 individual dots
Applies to Hifi`s: - A Bass boosting system.
Text Sub-page Memory
Allows you to move through text sub-pages at your own speed using the remote control
Time Slip Recording
Where a DVD recorder allows you to start watching a programme, before the actual recording process has finished.
(Applies to DVD-RAM recordable discs)
Part of a loudspeaker or separate speaker that generates treble sounds.
Two disc trays allowing any combination of DVD, CD or Video CD to be placed in the player at one time
Type of bulb used to light the projected image. Typical lamp life is up to 2000 hours
Upright vacuum cleaners are tall all-in-one units designed for pushing along the floor.
Universal Serial Bus. Unlike serial connectors it can be plugged in without having to restart the computer.
Found on an increasing number of digital cameras for downloading pictures to a PC or Mac
Specific display resolution using 1600 horizontal pixels and 1200 vertical pixels, presenting an image composed
from a total of 1,920,000 individual dots
The V-Sensor prevents wasted tape and blank recordings. It automatically interrupts recording if no sound is
detected for four seconds, then resumes recording when somebody starts speaking again
Variable Roaming Zoom
1.5, 2.5 or 3.5 times magnification of the on screen image that allows you to zoom in and move around the
Tape format used for video recorders
A system designed to easily program a Video to Record TV programmes, using numerical codes, which are shown in
most TV listings pages.
As for VideoPlus, but will also control selected brands of analogue cable and satellite set top boxes as well as
with normal, terrestrial TV. Sky Digiboxes and selected ONdigital set top boxes may also be controlled
Visible Screen Size
Measured in centimetres diagonally across the screen
VPS is a method of controlling video cassette recorders so that rescheduled or delayed programmes are recorded
in their entirety. PDC, also known as StarText and PDC, is a European TV standard.
Watts per channel
This is a measure of the power output of a system or loudspeakers. It can be quoted in a number of ways - see
also RMS and Peak Power Output.
Provides a picture close to that of which you would see in the cinema. The Widescreen shape (16:9) allows a
greater picture size to that of traditional (4:3) television when displaying modern films or DVD`s.
Cinema-style picture format, also used to describe 'wide' TV screens (16 units wide by 9 units high)
Switches a Widescreen TV to 16:9 mode whenever a corresponding signal is detected from either a broadcast
(line23) or a VCR or a DVD player (SCART pin 8 level sensing)
Specific display resolution using 1024 horizontal pixels and 768 vertical pixels, presenting an image composed
from a total of 786,432 individual dots
Allows the camera user to zoom in or out on the subject, to produce different picture aspects.
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